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Pet diabetes is manageable

By now you know about pet diabetes and that it is manageable. If you need a recap, watch this video or click here to learn more.

The goal of diabetes management is to regulate glucose levels and minimize diabetic complications.

Your vet will customize a diabetes management plan for your pet to fit your needs.

Learn about diabetes management cornerstones by clicking on each of the tabs above.

Once you learn about diabetes management, you can download a Diabetes Management brochure for a quick summary.

BLOOD GLUCOSE MONITORING

 

The goal of blood glucose monitoring is to assess the effectiveness of the diabetes treatment plan.

If the blood glucose results show that the current treatment plan is not working, your veteririnarian can adjust the plan to regulate your pet's diabetes.

If the current treatment plan is working, then you just keep at it and continue checking your pet's blood glucose to make sure that the pet stays regulated.

As your pet ages and other things change, treatment plans may need to be adjusted. It is important to continue monitoring your pet's blood glucose and follow your veterinarian's guidance.

Your pet's blood glucose fluctuates thoroughout the day. Many things could affect your pet's glucose level. Below are just a few examples:

Lying in the sun is likely to cause blood glucose levels to drop.
 
Having house visitors is likely to raise blood glucose levels.
 
Chasing a squirrel is likely to cause blood glucose levels to drop.
 
Having a snack is likely to raise blood glucose levels.
 
 

Using a portable blood glucose meter is the most common method to monitor blood glucose in diabetes dogs and cats. Either blood glucose curves or spot checks can be performed.

Click here to learn more about blood glucose curves and spot checks.

 

Note: The health information contained herein is provided for informational purposes only and is not intended to replace a discussion with a veterinarian. All decisions regarding patient care must be made with a veterinarian and unique characteristics of each patient should be considered.

BLOOD GLUCOSE MONITORING (Continued)

In addition to the blood glucose test, there are two other tests that can also be used to monitor how the diabetes treatment plan is working. Below are the pros and cons of each test.

Blood Glucose Test Using Portable Blood Glucose Monitor

Pros:

  • Accurate*
  • May show daily fluctuations
  • Easy to use
  • Requires a tiny drop of blood
  • Results in seconds
  • Costs less than a reference lab test
  • Could be used both in clinic and at home

Cons:

  • In-clinic stress may cause blood glucose to be elevated making it difficult to determine the true blood glucose level

Click here to learn more about the benefits of monitoring your pet's glucose at home.

Fructosamine Test

Pros:

  • Measures an average level of glucose over a few weeks

Cons:

  • Only shows an average level of glucose control over a few weeks
  • Does not show daily fluctuations of glucose
  • Have to wait for results
  • Can only be done at a clinic

Urine Test

Pros:

  • Inexpensive
  • Results in seconds
  • Could be used in clinic and at home

Cons:

  • Lacks accuracy
  • Does not differntiate between hypoglycemia and normal: both hypoglycemia and normal results look the same
  • May be challenging to obtain a sample
 

*To get accurate results, a species specific meter must be used.
To learn why, click here.